Waytz and Young argue that, at least in some cases, aversion to playing God and negative attitudes toward science and technology are not only correlated, but related causally, where the former drives the latter. They also argue that aversion to playing God could gravely hinder progress in areas such as reproductive technology, medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence, where rapid technological advances are pushing the boundaries of what humans can achieve. This aversion could result in placing restrictions to research on gene editing in humans—which could prevent disease—or discouraging the widespread adoption of artificially intelligent agents in decision-making roles that could improve the efficient and equitable distribution of resources.
Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the main idea presented in this passage?
With this understanding, find out which option would strengthen this idea.
Clues & Answer
“...the more a scientific procedure (such as genetic testing during pregnancy or cloning humans) is taken to involve “playing God,” the more likely it is to be judged as morally unacceptable, and its progress obstructed.”
This line captures the main idea of the passage. When an idea is believed to be an act of God, the scientific finding on the idea is considered to be morally unacceptable. It is rejected. Option E, “research that offers advanced solutions to human life is hindered if it pertains to an issue considered to be the work of God,” best strengthens this idea and it is the correct answer.
Option A: It is not stated in the passage that science prevents our understanding of God’s benevolence. This point is incorrect.
Option B: The author only talks about the way people react to scientific findings that involve “playing God.” He does not state that they “challenge God.”
Option C: This idea may be true of the passage, since it is stated that people hamper progress when they feel that an idea threatens what they believe to be an act of God. But, the question asks you to identify the idea that would strengthen the main idea of the passage. Since this option fails to answer the question, it is incorrect. This option is a classical distracter.
Option D:The author does not state that the two do not go together. His point of view is that people do not easily accept any scientific finding that involves what they believe to be an act of God. So, this option is incorrect.